Brain Drain from Pakistan: Causes and Factors


  • Majid Ali Shah Assistant Professor, Department of Media Studies, Iqra University, Islamabad Campus, Pakistan.
  • Jawad Ishaq Rana Assistant Professor, Department of Media Studies, Iqra University, Islamabad Campus, Pakistan.
  • Muhammad Ayoub Visiting Faculty, Department of Media Studies, Iqra University, Islamabad Campus, Pakistan.



Brain drain, Economy Causes, Pakistan, Human Capital


The problem of "brain drain" is a serious and ongoing issue for many countries, including Pakistan. This article explores the complex web of causes behind the outflow of Pakistan's educated and skilled labor force, a trend with far-reaching effects on the country's economic growth. Many highly trained Pakistanis feel compelled to leave their homeland in search of economic opportunity because of the country's poor economic climate. The need to leave your country because of political unrest, poor leadership, or fear for your safety only grows in intensity as a result. Constraints on access to excellent education and research opportunities are discussed as contributing factors to the brain drain from Pakistan. Emigration choices are heavily influenced by cultural and social variables such as family pressure and community norms. The study also explores the impact of government policies on brain drain patterns and the effect that globalization and connectivity have had in making overseas possibilities more accessible. It also delves into the sociocultural changes resulting from the loss of human capital that has plagued Pakistan due to this phenomenon. The paper indicates the policy suggestions and possible options for reducing brain drain in Pakistan in light of the data presented here.


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How to Cite

Shah, M. A., Rana, J. I., & Ayoub, M. (2023). Brain Drain from Pakistan: Causes and Factors. Qlantic Journal of Social Sciences, 4(3), 344-351.

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