Corporate Social Responsibility and Green Supply Chain Management: The Moderating Role of Environmental Turbulence


  • Sobia Khan MS, Department of Management Sciences, Hazara University, Mansehra, KP, Pakistan.



Corporate Social Responsibility, Environmental Turbulence, Green Supply Chain Management, Resource-based View, Stakeholder Theory


Being environmentally friendly has become a need in today's society. Environmental principles have been integrated into the management of the supplier for designing a multi-stage, complex, GSCM. The purpose of this investigation is to demonstrate CSR affects a company's ability to manage its green supply chain. This research also confirms that environmental turbulence moderates the impact of CSR on GSCM.The current study's hypothesis was developed using stakeholder theory and resource-based view theory.Hattar Industrial estate's manufacturing companies provided the information used in this study.Empirical evidence supports the positive impact of CSR on the GSCM. Furthermore, the findings show that environmental instability greatly reduces CSR's impact on GSCM. This study has some valuable implications for manufacturing companies as; to enhance more in GSCM are need to focus more on CSR activities both external and internal CSR activities.


Download data is not yet available.


abiak, K., & Trendafilova, S. (2011). CSR and environmental responsibility: Motives and pressures to adopt green management practices. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 18(1), 11–24.

Adebanjo, D., Teh, P.-L., & Ahmed, P. K. (2016). The impact of external pressure and sustainable management practices on manufacturing performance and environmental outcomes. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 36(9), 995–1013.

Ali, A., & Haseeb, M. (2019). Radio frequency identification (RFID) technology as a strategic tool towards higher performance of supply chain operations in textile and apparel industry of Malaysia. Uncertain Supply Chain Management, 7(2), 215-226.

Andersen, M., & Skjoett-Larsen, T. (2009). Corporate social responsibility in global supply chains. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 14(2), 75–86.

Ansari, I., Sadeghi, M., & Mohammad, R. (2014), Identify and explain the relationships and dynamics of green supply chain management approach to modeling structural interpretation. Journal of Scientific and Research Studies Industrial Management, 12(35), 14-21.

Arrive, T. J., Feng, M., Yan, Y., & Chege, S. M., (2019). The involvement of telecommunication industry in the road to corporate sustainability and corporate social responsibility commitment. Corp. Soc. Responsib. Environ. Manag. 26(1), 152–158.

Aziz, N. A. A., Manab, N. A., & Othman, S. N. (2015). Exploring the perspectives of corporate governance and theories on Sustainability Risk Management (SRM). Asian Economic and Financial Review, 5(10), 1148.

Barin Cruz, L., & Boehe, D. M. (2008). CSR in the global marketplace: Towards sustainable global value chains. Management Decision, 46(8), 1187–1209.

Barney, J. B. (1991). Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. Journal of Management 17(1), 99–120.

Beleisyte, A., Gudauskas, R., & Snitka, V. (2014). Modeling of the socio-economic sustainability and dynamics of European regions on the bases of systems complexity. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 4(11), 1116-1125.

Bosse, D. A., Phillips, R. A., & Harrison, J. S. (2009). Stakeholders, reciprocity, and firm performance. Strategic Management Journal, 30(4), 447–456.

Calantone, R., G. Rosanna, and D. Cornelia. 2003. “The Effects of Environmental Turbulence on New Product Development Strategy Planning.” Journal of Product Innovation Management 20(2), 90–103. doi:10.1111/1540-5885.2002003.

Cannon, J. P., and W. D. Perreault, Jr. 1999. “Buyer-Seller Relationships in Business Markets.” Journal of Marketing Research 3 (4), 439–60.

Carroll, A. B. (1999). Corporate social responsibility: Evolution of a definitional construct. Business & society, 38(3), 268-295.

Chabowski, B. R., Mena, J. A., & Gonzalez‐Padron, T. L. (2011). The structure of sustainability research in marketing, 1958–2008: A basis for future research opportunities. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 39(1), 55–70.‐010‐0212‐7

Cheng, J. H. and Sheu, J. B. (2012). Inter-organizational relationships and strategy quality in green supply chains—moderated by opportunistic behavior and dysfunctional conflict. Industrial Marketing Management, 41(4), 563–572.

Chernev, A., & Blair, S. (2015). Doing well by doing good: The benevolent halo of corporate social responsibility. Journal of Consumer Research, 41(6), 1412–1425.

Chien, M. K., Shih, L. H., (2007). An empirical study of the implementation of green supply chain management practices in the electrical and electronic industry and their relation to organizational performances. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 4(3), 383e394.

Christopher, M., and M. Holweg. 2011. “Supply Chain 2.0: managing Supply Chains in the Era of Turbulence.” International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management 41(1), 63–82.

Cote, R. P., Lopez, J., Marche, S., Perron, G. M., & Wright, R. (2008). Influences, practices and opportunities for environmental supply chain management in Nova Scotia SMEs. Journal of Cleaner Production, 16(15), 1561-1570.

Dess, G. G., & Beard, D. W. (1984). Dimensions of organizational task environments. Administrative Science Quarterly, 29(1), 52–73.

El Akremi, A., Gond, J.-P., Swaen, V., De Roeck, K., & Igalens, J. (2018). How do employees perceive corporate responsibility? Development and validation of a multidimensional corporate stakeholder responsibility scale. Journal of Management, 44(2), 619–657.

Farooq, O., Rupp, D. E., & Farooq, M. (2017). The multiple pathways through which internal and external corporate social responsibility influence organizational identification and multifoci outcomes: The moderating role of cultural and social orientations. Academy of Management Journal, 60(3), 954–985.

Gonza´lez-Benito, J., Gonza´lez-Benito, O´., (2006). The role of stakeholder pressure and managerial values in the implementation of environmental logistics practices. International Journal of Production Research 44(7), 1353–1373.

Hasan, I., Kobeissi, N., Liu, L., & Wang, H. (2018). Corporate social responsibility and firm financial performance: The mediating role of productivity. Journal of Business Ethics, 149(3), 671–688.

Hickle, G., 2017. Extending the boundaries: an assessment of the integration of extended producer responsibility within corporate social responsibility. Bus. Strategy Environ. 26(1), 112–124.

Jaworski, B. J., & Kohli, A. K. (1993). Market orientation: Antecedents and consequences. Journal of Marketing, 57(3), 53–70.

Kagan RA, Gunningham N, Thornton D (2003) Explaining corporate environmental performance: how does regulation matter? Law Soc Rev 37(1), 51–90.

Kuei, C. H., Madu, C. N., Chow, W. S., & Chen, Y. (2015). Determinants and associated performance improvement of green supply chain management in China. Journal of cleaner production, 95, 163-173.

Lambooy, T. (2011). Corporate social responsibility: sustainable water use. Journal of Cleaner Production, 19(8), 852-866.

Lin, C.-Y., & Ho, Y.-H. (2010). The influences of environmental uncertainty on corporate green behavior: an empirical study with small and medium-size enterprises. Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, 38(5), 691-696.

Luthra, S., Garg, D., & Haleem, A. (2016). The impacts of critical success factors for implementing green supply chain management towards sustainability: An empirical investigation of Indian automobile industry. Journal of Cleaner Production, 121, 142–158.

Mathiyazhagan, K., Govindan, K., NoorulHaq, A., & Geng, Y. (2013). An ISM approach for the barrier analysis in implementing green supply chain management. Journal of Cleaner Production, 47, 283–297.

Meixell, M. J., & Luoma, P. (2015). Stakeholder pressure in sustainable supply chain management: A systematic review. International Journal of Physical Distribution and Logistics Management, 45(1/2), 69–89.

Melay, I., & Kraus, S. (2012). Green entrepreneurship: definitions of related concepts. Int. J. Strateg. Manag. 12(1), 1–12.

Nejati, M., Rabiei, S., & Jabbour, C. J. C. (2017). Envisioning the invisible: Understanding the synergy between green human resource management and green supply chain management in manufacturing firms in Iran in light of the moderating effect of employees’ resistance to change. Journal of Cleaner Production, 168, 163–172.

Rao, P. H. (2008). Greening the supply chain: A guide for Asian managers. New Delhi: SAGE Publications.

Sarkis, J., Zhu, Q., & Lai, K. H. (2011). An organizational theoretic review of green supply chain management literature. International Journal of Production Economics, 130(1), 1–15.

Shahriarpour, M., & Tabriz, A. A. (2017). The Importance of Green Supply Chain Management and Its Role in Marketing Management. International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 7(3), 265.

Shu, C., Zhou, K. Z., Xiao, Y., & Gao, S. (2016). How green management influences product innovation in China: The role of institutional benefits. Journal of Business Ethics, 133(3), 471–485.‐014‐2401‐7

Srivastava, S. K. (2007). Green supply‐chain management: a state‐of‐the‐art literature review. International Journal of Management Reviews, 9(1), 53-80.

Trendafilova, S., Babiak, K., & Heinze, K. (2013). Corporate social responsibility and environmental sustainability: Why professional sport is greening the playing field. Sport Management Review, 16(3), 298-313.

Werther, W. B., Jr., & Chandler, D. (2010). Strategic corporate social responsibility: Stakeholders in a global environment. California: Sage Publications.

Xiang, C., Chen, F., Jones, P., Xia, S., (2020). The effect of institutional investors’ distraction on firms’ corporate social responsibility engagement: evidence from China. Rev. Manag. Sci. in press.

Zhu, Q., & Sarkis, J. (2007). The moderating effects of institutional pressures on emergent green supply chain practices and performance. International Journal of Production Research, 45(18-19), 4333-4355.






How to Cite

Khan, S. (2022). Corporate Social Responsibility and Green Supply Chain Management: The Moderating Role of Environmental Turbulence. Qlantic Journal of Social Sciences, 3(2), 32-47.

Similar Articles

11-20 of 135

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.