Effectiveness of Group Work on Students’ Academic Performance in Mathematics at Primary Level: An Action Research


  • Zehra Shouib B.Ed Student, Department of Education, University of Makran, Panjgur, Balochistan, Pakistan.
  • Rabia Aslam Assistant Professor, Department of Education, University of Gwadar, Balochistan, Pakistan.




Effectiveness, Group work, Primary School Students, Mathematics, Action Reseach


Group Work leads to effective learning in all subjects, including mathematics. This study aims to explore the effectiveness of group work on students’ academic performance in mathematics subjects at the primary school level through action research. Six students from class three of a public sector girls’ school were selected purposely for the study. Students were divided into two groups. A pre-test was conducted before the intervention, and a post-test was conducted after the group work intervention. The results of pre and post-tests were compared. It was found that group work is more effective in improving students' academic performance in mathematics at the primary school level. So, it is recommended that principals and teachers should use group work as a teaching strategy in their schools.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

  • Rabia Aslam, Assistant Professor, Department of Education, University of Gwadar, Balochistan, Pakistan.


Abramczyk, A., & Jurkowski, S. (2020). Cooperative learning as an evidence-based teaching strategy: What teachers know, believe, and how they use it. Journal of Education for Teaching, 46(3), 296-308. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02607476.2020.1733402

Alegre, F., Moliner, L., Maroto, A., & Lorenzo-Valentin, G. (2020). Academic achievement and peer tutoring in mathematics: A comparison between primary and secondary education. Sage Open, 10(2), 2158244020929295. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2158244020929295

Chen, B. (2021). Influence of cooperative learning on learners’ motivation: the case of Shenzhen primary school. Education 3-13, 51(4), 647–671. https://doi.org/10.1080/03004279.2021.1998179

Damon, W., & Phelps, E. (1989). Critical distinctions among three approaches to peer education. International Journal of Educational Research, 13(1), 9-19. https://doi.org/10.1016/0883-0355(89)90013-X

Foot, H. C., Morgan, M. J., & Shute, R. H. (1990). Children helping children. (No Title).

Gillies, R. M. (2016). Cooperative learning: Review of research and practice. Australian Journal of Teacher Education (Online), 41(3), 39-54. http://dx.doi.org/10.14221/ajte.2016v41n3.3

Gulzar, K., & Mahmood, N. (2019). Challenges to maintaining alignment between secondary level mathematics curriculum and assessments in Pakistan. Journal of Research, 13(2), 234-246. https://www.ue.edu.pk/jrre/articles/Article%207.pdf

Hong, Y., Chen, L. G., Huang, J. H., Tsai, Y. Y., & Chang, T. Y. (2022). The impact of cooperative learning method on the oral proficiency of learners of the training program for English tourist guides. Frontiers in Psychology, 13, 866863. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.866863

Jakavonytė-Staškuvienė, D. (2021). The benefits of cooperative learning of language in different subject lessons as seen by primary school pupils: The case of one Lithuanian city school. Education Research International, 2021(1), 6441222. https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/105248

Li, M. P., & Lam, B. H. (2013). Cooperative learning. The Hong Kong Institute of Education, 1, 33.

López, B. M., Chaves, P. L., & Cordero, E. G. (2023). Visual thinking and cooperative learning in higher education: HOW does its implementation affect marketing and management disciplines after COVID-19? The International Journal of Management Education, 21(2), 100797. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijme.2023.100797

Meganingtyas, B. R., Winarni, R., &Murwaningsih, T. (2019, July). The implementation of cooperative learning at primary schools. In 1st International Conference on Life, Innovation, Change and Knowledge (ICLICK 2018) (pp. 292-296). Atlantis Press. https://doi.org/10.2991/iclick-18.2019.60

Nievecela, L. C., & Ortega-Auquilla, D. (2019). Using Cooperative Learning Strategies to Develop Rural Primary Students’ English Oral Performance. English Language Teaching, 12(11), 74-84. http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/elt.v12n11p74

Prieto-Saborit, J. A., Méndez-Alonso, D., Fernández-Viciana, A., Dixit, L. J. D., &Nistal-Hernández, P. (2022). Implementation of Cooperative Learning and Its Relationship with Prior Training of Teachers, Performance and Equity in Mathematics: A Longitudinal Study. Sustainability, 14(23), 16243. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su142316243

Qaisar, S. (2011). The effect of collaborative group work lessons in mathematics as an alternative method for concept development of the students at the upper primary level in Pakistan. University of Leeds.

Qaisar, S., Dilshad, M., & Butt, I. H. (2015). Influence of Collaborative Group Work on Students’ Attitude towards Mathematics. Journal of Educational Research, 18(1), 69.

Slavin, R. E. (2013). Cooperative learning and student achievement. School and classroom organization, 129-156. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203056950-5

Summers, J. J., &Svinicki, M. D. (2007). Investigating classroom community in higher education. Learning and individual differences, 17(1), 55-67. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2007.01.006

Tolmie, A. K., Topping, K. J., Christie, D., Donaldson, C., Howe, C., Jessiman, E., ... &Thurston, A. (2010). Social Effects Of Collaborative Learning In Primary Schools. Learning and Instruction, 20(3), 177-191. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2009.01.005

Torrego‐Seijo, J. C., Caballero‐García, P. Á., & Lorenzo‐Llamas, E. M. (2020). The effects of cooperative learning on trait emotional intelligence and academic achievement of Spanish primary school students. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 91(3), 928–949. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjep.12400

Zhe, L. (2023). Survey of Primary Students’ Mathematical Representation Status and Study On The Teaching Model Of Mathematical Representation. Journal of Mathematics Education, 5(1), 63-76. https://educationforatoz.com/images/5_Liu_Zhe.pdf






How to Cite

Shouib, Z., & Aslam, R. (2024). Effectiveness of Group Work on Students’ Academic Performance in Mathematics at Primary Level: An Action Research. Qlantic Journal of Social Sciences, 5(2), 372-378. https://doi.org/10.55737/qjss.911457452

Similar Articles

1-10 of 116

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.