Towards an Inclusive Development Framework for Governing Freshwater Resources


  • Shakeel Hayat Assistant Professor, Center for Water Informatics & Climate Resilience (CWC), IMSciences, Hayatabad, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
  • Hameed Jamali Assistant Professor, Center for Water Informatics & Climate Resilience (CWC), IMSciences, Hayatabad, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
  • Yamna Ihtisham Research Assistant, Center for Water Informatics & Climate Resilience (CWC), IMSciences, Hayatabad, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
  • Muhammad Zakria Jan Research Assistant, Center for Water Informatics & Climate Resilience (CWC), IMSciences, Hayatabad, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.



Inclusive Development, Water Governance, Freshwater, SDGs


There is considerable literature on governing freshwater resources, where one group of water scholars employs power theory to improve freshwater governance while another group focuses on an institutional approach to enhance the governance of freshwater resources. Among these scholars, few take an explicit inclusive development approach to consider the importance of ecosystem services for effective freshwater governance and human wellbeing. Hence, the purpose of this research is to investigate how inclusive development techniques might enhance freshwater resource governance. Building on a literature review of the concept of inclusive development, this conceptual paper builds a framework for assessing freshwater governance by investigating the socio-ecological roots of inclusive development in the post-2015 sustainable development goals. The paper concludes by identifying different instruments of inclusive development in order to enhance the governance of freshwater resources.

Author Biography

  • Shakeel Hayat, Assistant Professor, Center for Water Informatics & Climate Resilience (CWC), IMSciences, Hayatabad, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.


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How to Cite

Hayat, S., Jamali, H., Ihtisham, Y., & Jan, M. Z. (2024). Towards an Inclusive Development Framework for Governing Freshwater Resources. Qlantic Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 5(2), 95-106.

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