A Critical Race Analysis of Resilience and Resistance in Domingo’s Breaking The Maafa Chain


  • Mahnoor Fatima M.Phil. Scholar, Department of English, Riphah International University, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
  • Rana Abdul Munim Khan Lecturer, Department of English, Riphah International University, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
  • Qasim Shafiq Associate Professor/HoD, Department of English Language and Literature, The University of Faisalabad, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.




Double Consciousness, Identity Crisis, Inequality, Marginalization of Minorities, Racial Micro-aggressions, Violence


This study examines the experiences of black African Americans within a white-dominated society while focusing on double consciousness, racial micro-aggressions, the historical implications of the slave trade, and systemic suppression. The primary aim of this study is to highlight the harsh realities of enslavement and the enduring struggle to preserve African heritage. Racism, a socially constructed phenomenon, subjects black individuals to frequent racial discrimination. This research aims to raise awareness and challenge the facade of superiority maintained by the white-dominated society. The selected novel explores the various forms of racial discrimination against African Americans, shedding light on the subtle attacks they face while striving to preserve their identity. Additionally, the study investigates the issues of identity and freedom by analyzing the relationship between the two sisters in the novel under disquisition. Through the lens of Critical Race Theory, this research analyzes the portrayal of black lives and their resilience against white supremacy through Domingo’s novel Breaking The Maafa Chain, a piercing and sensitive representation of suppressed or marginalized Afro-Americans. Critical Race Theory serves as a framework to address the issues of racial discrimination. The research methodology employed in this study is purely qualitative, analytical, and descriptive, and it involves a close textual analysis of the novel within the domain of critical race theory.

Author Biography

  • Rana Abdul Munim Khan, Lecturer, Department of English, Riphah International University, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.


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How to Cite

Fatima, M., Khan, R. A. M., & Shafiq, Q. (2024). A Critical Race Analysis of Resilience and Resistance in Domingo’s Breaking The Maafa Chain. Qlantic Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 5(2), 9-17. https://doi.org/10.55737/qjssh.707535372

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