Whether Teaching Learning Process and Students' Achievement are Related: An Exploration at Secondary School Level in District Peshawar


  • Safi Ullah Department of Teacher Education, Qurtuba University of Science & Information Technology, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
  • Hamid Ali Nadeem Lecturer, Department of Educational Planning Policy Studies & Leadership, Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
  • Imran Assistant Professor of Sociology/Head, Department of Social and Gender Studies, University of Swat (UoS), Swat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
  • Shahji Ahmad Assistant Professor, Department of Education, University of Loralai, Loralai, Balochistan, Pakistan.
  • Fazal Hayat Lecturer, Department of Education, University of Loralai, Loralai, Balochistan, Pakistan.




Teaching-Learning Process, Government Boys Secondary School, Average Score, Education, Peshawar


This descriptive research study aimed to explore how the Teaching Learning Process (TLP) affects students' academic performance at the secondary school level in Peshawar. The research included all secondary school teachers in District Peshawar Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province of Pakistan. Using the multi-stage random sampling procedure, a sample of 240 Secondary School teachers was selected for data collection as per Krejcie & Morgan's (1970) standardized table. The questionnaire's reliability was found to be within an acceptable to good range. The analysis was conducted using SPSS, utilizing various statistical methods, i.e., a one-sample t-test, Pearson Correlation, and simple regression, to test the hypothesis. The BISE Peshawar annual examination 2022 results were used to determine the student's achievement scores. The data analysis showed that most of the teachers agreed with this. It was revealed that the teaching-learning process and Students' achievement showed a significant positive linear association. Similarly, the regression analysis also showed that there was a positive and statistically significant relationship between the teaching-learning process and students' achievement. Certain recommendations were provided based on the findings. Therefore, the research supports the notion that the Teaching Learning Process (TLP) plays a crucial role in enhancing student academic performance. It is also recommended that further studies investigate the impact of the Teaching Learning Process (TLP) across different educational levels.

Author Biography

  • Shahji Ahmad, Assistant Professor, Department of Education, University of Loralai, Loralai, Balochistan, Pakistan.


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How to Cite

Ullah, S., Nadeem, H. A., Imran, Ahmad, S., & Hayat, F. (2024). Whether Teaching Learning Process and Students’ Achievement are Related: An Exploration at Secondary School Level in District Peshawar. Qlantic Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 5(2), 287-294. https://doi.org/10.55737/qjssh.137396472

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